Initium Lab | Exploratory Arm of Initium Media

2015年9月17日,Facebook 推出 Signal,專為新聞家設計,用來在 Facebook 和 Instagram 上發掘新聞線索。12個小時之前,我們收到了Signal試用權限,下面為大家介紹我們試用Signal的經驗。

Signal 目前功能可以分為四類:

  1. 探索(發現還不知道的的線索);
  2. 搜索(調研、比較已知的關鍵字);
  3. 收納(收納相關的話題和信息);和
  4. 發佈(分享調研成果)。

一組平平無奇的銷量數據,經過喬布斯一番可視化,一下就顯得前途無量。究竟他是怎麼做到的?我們閱讀、製作數據可視化,又應該對哪些手法多加留意?

做數據可視化,繞不開的設計元素是「色」——顏色的色。

顏色是什麼?有人說,光有「三原色」,世間一切顏色,皆是這三原色組合而成。其實,光就是光,就是電磁波,只有波長、強弱之分。所謂顏色,是生物體神經系統決定的歸類,並不是光本身的特性。

其實我們都是色盲

大多數人有三種視覺細胞,分別對紅、綠、藍最爲敏感,對這些人而言,顏色就有三原色。大約8%的男性很難辨別紅綠:對他們來說,顏色只有二原色,一個是黃色(紅、綠都像黃色),一個是藍色。每三萬人之中,還有一個是單色視覺,對他們來說,只有亮暗之別。

大多數哺乳動物都是二色視覺,比如老虎獅子。人類有三色視覺,比他們強,不過跟昆蟲、爬行類相比,又遠遠不如。很多昆蟲都是四色視覺。四色視覺是什麼意思?就是它們眼中比我們多一種感光細胞,對人類來說相似的顏色(比方說深黃和淺黃),對蝴蝶來說是截然不同的顏色。

We’ll read Journalism books for Jackathon this weekend (October 10th or 11th).

A reading list is compiled with input from within Initium Lab team and our colleagues.
Most on the list are in English; some are Chinese.

The reading list covers books about

  1. Data Journalism, such as the Verification Handbook for Investigative Reporting,
  2. Human bias, such as Daniel Kahneman’s Thinking: Fast and Slow,
  3. Storytelling, such as Robert McKee’s Story: Substance, Structure, Style and the Principles of Screenwriting,
  4. Writing, such as Stephen King’s On Writing, and
  5. Tradition of Journalism, such as The Elements of Journalism.

You’ll read one or more books in one day and share your learning with other participants.

If you like to participate, please fill in the form here: http://goo.gl/forms/74dOlnSqUe.

We’ll check the availability of potential participants and determine the final date, and notify everyone as soon as feasible.

The book list is as follows, categorized by theme.

一個數據分析項目,往往始於摸索一張龐大而陌生的數據表格。嘗試畫些簡易圖表是啟發思路的好辦法,但這絕非易事──想想有多少種圖表:直方圖柱狀圖餅圖折線圖雷達圖……若選取不同的列來分析,每種圖表又有多達幾十種畫法。

Google Sheets 最近推出了一項新功能 Explore,或許能成為探索陌生數據的第一步。Google 介紹稱,Explore 能根據表格內容自動生成盡可能多的圖表,還順帶做些數據分析,挖掘數據的關聯和趨勢[1]。

Explore 的使用方法很簡單,一次點擊就能自動出圖,不時還會附上(它認為)有趣的發現,例如列舉最大值和最小值等。

今天我們給大家介紹一個科學報導選題庫 Hacker News。Hacker News 是一家關於計算機黑客和創業公司的社會化新聞網站。若做科技報道,建議參考這個網站,尤其是評論部分,信息量極大,可以提供選題和報道思路。

Andy Shu, news engineer with Initium Lab, gave a brief tutorial about ReactJS, the Web UI library from Facebook, in Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) on 18 September 2015. The event was organized by the Open Innovation Lab of CUHK.

Jackathon is short for “Journalism-Hackathon”. At Initium Lab, we aim to push limits of Journalism with Technology. We hold regular Jackathons to advance our knowledge and skills in using new technology for obtaining data, analysing information, and reporting. This week, the goal for each participant is to read one the the 60 Data Science books collected by KDnuggets within 8 hours.